No reasons for drinking significantly predicted problems for males. And, binge drinking cannot help the brain to learn and evolve into consistently making well-informed decisions, an executive ability useful for the achievement of success and the happiness that would naturally follow.
Jellinekcredited as being the first to view alcoholism as a disease, first documented blackout drinking as an important indicator of alcoholism.
Young people who binge drink typically are not developing useful interpersonal skills. Drinking in college: Consumption patterns, problems, sex differences and legal drinking age.
In fact, as much as 90 percent of the alcohol consumed by young people occurs while binge drinking. But discrepant findings may also be due to construct issues in the drinking motive literature, evidenced by various definition-related problems.
For females, these results suggest a relationship between social reasons for drinking and alcohol-related consequences, which previous research has not identified.
A review of drinking motives. All three reasons for drinking correlated with problems for both males and females in the volunteer sample.
Social motives have typically been thought of as normative and less associated with negative consequences, partially owing to prior studies reporting that drinking for internal or personal reasons was associated with more alcohol problems Cooper, ; Cooper et al. When one drinks to feel confident or talk to someone whom they normally would not, state-dependent learning develops.
The direct relationship between social motives and consequences in females may be reflective of the failure of females to experience the outcomes desired from social goal-directed drinking problems with friends, failure to find adequate intimacy, etc.
A large number of college students participate in activities that they may not care to because of a lack of options to do otherwise.
Earlier drinking in young people may also be associated with the continuation of blackouts even if binges become less frequent.