The Government is seriously reviewing its rural anti-poverty programmes in the light of lapses noticed and in the context of formulating the current five year plan.
These were: a Allocation of funds and determination of targets were made without considering the size of the population and incidence of poverty leading to wrong identification of families; b The selection of schemes was also not done in a rational manner; c Poverty alleviation programmes failed to recognise importance of increased flow of social inputs through nutrition, family welfare, social security; d This programme neglected the disabled, sick and socially handicapped persons; e The present approach was almost blind about the existence of secondary poverty; f The present poverty line crossing criterion for evaluation the income changes occurring below poverty line; g The poverty alleviation programmes ignored the consequences of the earning activities of the poor people in terms of occupational health hazards and adverse ecological factors.
Poverty forces a person to go towards illness as they drink unclean water, lives at dirty places, and eat improper meal. Generally people face shortage of food because of poor agriculture and unemployment.
Policies to overcome geographical poverty could include government subsidies for firms to set up in depressed areas. Some of the common reasons of poverty are like overpopulation, lethal and epidemic diseases, natural disasters, low agricultural output, lack of employment, castism in country, illiteracy, gender inequality, environmental problems, changing trends of economy in the country, lack of proper education, untouchability, limited or inadequate access of people to their rights, political violence, organized crime, corruption, lack of motivation, idleness, old social beliefs, etc.
Thus, the required amount of calories would normally coincide with one of the class- interval or will fall between two intervals. The objective of the scheme is to provide open irrigation wells free of cost to poor, small and marginal farmers belonging to SCs and STs and freed bonded labour.
Similarly, a third such special employment scheme is TRYSEM Training of Rural Youth for Self-Employment under which rural youth are given training and equipped with skills so that they can start some self-employment activity.