Essay steps to reduce poverty in india

The Government is seriously reviewing its rural anti-poverty programmes in the light of lapses noticed and in the context of formulating the current five year plan.

causes of poverty in india

These were: a Allocation of funds and determination of targets were made without considering the size of the population and incidence of poverty leading to wrong identification of families; b The selection of schemes was also not done in a rational manner; c Poverty alleviation programmes failed to recognise importance of increased flow of social inputs through nutrition, family welfare, social security; d This programme neglected the disabled, sick and socially handicapped persons; e The present approach was almost blind about the existence of secondary poverty; f The present poverty line crossing criterion for evaluation the income changes occurring below poverty line; g The poverty alleviation programmes ignored the consequences of the earning activities of the poor people in terms of occupational health hazards and adverse ecological factors.

Poverty forces a person to go towards illness as they drink unclean water, lives at dirty places, and eat improper meal. Generally people face shortage of food because of poor agriculture and unemployment.

how to reduce poverty essay

Policies to overcome geographical poverty could include government subsidies for firms to set up in depressed areas. Some of the common reasons of poverty are like overpopulation, lethal and epidemic diseases, natural disasters, low agricultural output, lack of employment, castism in country, illiteracy, gender inequality, environmental problems, changing trends of economy in the country, lack of proper education, untouchability, limited or inadequate access of people to their rights, political violence, organized crime, corruption, lack of motivation, idleness, old social beliefs, etc.

causes of poverty essay

Thus, the required amount of calories would normally coincide with one of the class- interval or will fall between two intervals. The objective of the scheme is to provide open irrigation wells free of cost to poor, small and marginal farmers belonging to SCs and STs and freed bonded labour.

Causes and solution of poverty essay

Measures to be Adopted: Success of poverty alleviation programmes not only depends on launching of wage employment and self-employment programmes but it also depends on the improvement of land relations in favour of the cultivators and redistribution of income in favour of the rural poor. These estimates of poverty made by the Planning Commission are based on methodology recommended by the Tendulkar Committee, which includes spending on health and education, besides calorie intake. Estimates of Dandekar and Rath: Dandekar and Rath estimated their own standard of poverty line taking 2, calories as the desired minimum level of nutrition. Although various measures were undertaken since the inception of planning for the eradication of poverty throughout the country and some degree of success has also been attained in reducing the poverty ratio in general among all the states but the high degree of poverty differentials still persist among different states of the country. Thus in the measure of absolute poverty, the absolute minimum consumption basket includes consumption of food grains, vegetables, milk products and other important items which are necessary for attaining healthy living along with access to other important non-food items. See: Inequality and economic growth 2. This is an effective way of increasing the incomes of the low paid and therefore reducing wage inequality. But facing a severe criticism on the above prescription of below poverty line cap from several quarters, the UPA government at the Centre has now decided to revise the expenditure criteria by factoring in the NSSOs report on household expenditure.

Similarly, a third such special employment scheme is TRYSEM Training of Rural Youth for Self-Employment under which rural youth are given training and equipped with skills so that they can start some self-employment activity.

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Measures Adopted to Remove Rural Poverty in India