As the British delegation reminded his Chinese counterpart, Tibet entered the conference as "independent nation recognizing no allegiance to China. During the nineteenth century, Western scholars portrayed the Tibetan political system as the dark mirror image of the rational British Indian administration, likening it to the church-dominated feudalism of Europe's Dark Ages.
Secondly, the international community has never recognized its "independent" status. Under the PRC's family-planning policies, thousands of Tibetan women have been subjected to forced sterilizations and late-term abortions.
Tibet was one of the mightiest powers of Asia for the three centuries that followed, as a pillar inscription at the foot of the Potala Palace in Lhasa and Chinese Tang histories of the period confirm.
According to supporters of Tibetan independence, Tibet was a distinct nation and state independent between the fall of the Mongol Empire in and subjugation by the Qing Dynasty in ; and again between the fall of the Qing Dynasty in and its incorporation into the PRC in During the Cultural Revolution the great monasteries were shelled for target practice, religious texts were burned, and the Tsuglakhang, Tibet's most sacred temple, was used as a pigsty.
According to early Tibetan sources, rival chiefdoms and clans were first united under the Yarlung kings in the second century b.
According to the PRC the increase is viewed as the result of the abolishment of the theocracy and introduction of a modern, higher standard of living. The Indians were declared the victors and the Chinese delegation was banished from Tibet.
The presence of nearly autonomous monastic orders and waves of cultural and philosophical influences from China and India also has fostered the growth of a very rich and diverse set of Buddhist beliefs and practices, many of which retain significant elements of pre-Buddhist shamanism according to Geoffrey Samuel in Civilized Shamans: Buddhism in Tibetan Societies.
Tibetan cities will soon be indistinguishable from Chinese cities. The image of Tibet has not always been so positive. David Neel, Alexandra.